Oscar fish are freshwater, meaning that you’ll have add a chlorine neutralizer tablet if your faucet water contains chlorine. Still, there are a few good tank mates worth considering…. You’ll need a good filter to keep the water clean.

While Oscar fish are hardy enough to tolerate some changes of pH or water hardness, the pH level should be kept at or around 7 and the water hardness within the range of 5dH to 10dH. A non-native population of oscars is well established in South Florida, USA. When the fish are ready to spawn they’ll flare their gill and use their fins to indicate to their mate.

Oscar fish aggressive nature can cause tank mates to live in fear, so choose passive fish. Feed them a couple of times a day, in amounts that they can completely finish in a couple of minutes.

Copyright © 2020 - Fishkeeping World - All Rights Reserved. Around the same time, I spotted an albino oscar in a store that was at the bottom of the tank on its side, and bought it out of sympathy (It is now the most aggressive one and has the largest appetite).

Robert Woods is the creator of FishKeeping World, a third generation fish keeper and a graduate in animal welfare and behavior.

Oscars show a preference for slow moving waters that afford them cover in the form of sunken branches and logs. Red and lemon Oscar fish have bodies that are almost completely solid red or yellow respectively. It’s strongly recommended that you do not attempt to house three Oscar fish together. These have been designed to contain all the nutrition your fish need, you can even buy some specifically for cichlids. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I have a huge 10+Inch Oscar (panda’s his name) in a beautiful 75 gallon with a 5 inch rainbow shark (bullet) and 2 chunky Raphael cat fish ( rubble, and double) they are all super happy and thriving!
Synonyms include Acara compressus Cope 1872 and Hyposticta acara Cope 1878. They make an excellent choice as a tank mate for your Oscar.

Most live between 8-12 years, however given the right care, tank conditions and diet, they can live up to 15 years. Breeding them may be a challenge but it’s not impossible. Most of their time will be spent swimming in the mid-levels of the tank, though they’ll often head down to the substrate in search of food. The direct effect of the oscar on native species or the ecological balance of the park is unknown, but owing to the fact that native sunfishes in the region possess similar habits and ecological needs to that of the oscar, there is concern regarding the potential for harm. The oscar is one of the many cichlids popular in the aquarium trade, often bred and cross-bred to create unusual varieties. Some with certain color patterns are called Tiger Oscars, for their adorable little stripes. For extra help on keeping the water clean, use both a canister filter and a hang-on-back filter. Diseases are uncommon and you have lots of choices with their diet. Or you can use them to make your own homemade fish foods. We have you covered. Oscars are not piscivores (carnivorous animals which eat primarily fish.) Classically these cichlids are covered in an assortment of irregular black and orange splotches (tiger Oscars), but colors may change over time.

This cichlid is usually a centerpiece that you design the rest of the tank around. Oscars are often described as having a great or big personality. This species is not the best at making friends. They’ve been described as having the personality of dogs: loving of their owners and easily excitable. Generally sluggish, oscars are capable of swimming away quite rapidly over short distances. They reach this size quite quickly in their lifetime, growing one inch a month until fully grown. In an aquarium the simplest option is to use store bought flake/pellet foods. The firemouth is far from combative and will avoid confrontation with an Oscar. Oscars are olive-green to gray to chocolate brown in base color with a mottling of some or all of these colors.

They have a long oval body.

All cichlids, the family that the Oscars belong to, are known to be both aggressive and intelligent. Mating and feeding times can also fuel their aggression. You don’t need any special equipment to keep the water healthy, just a filter to clean it and a heater to maintain the ideal temperature range. Let us know about your setups in the comments section below…, Anubias Nana: The Full Guide To Caring, Planting and Propagation, The question of what fish eat cannot be answered with one specific and generic fish food, as many fish stores will have you believe.

They’re native to Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, French Guiana and Peru. And although adults require large aquaria, oscars breed readily when maintained properly and are often characterized as very “personable” pets by their keepers. When got the first oscar, I kept it in a one gallon due to how small it was, but then put it in a 5 10 gallon tank when it was two inches big. This makes cleaning the tank very important, or conditions will deteriorate quickly. So are they the right choice for you, and if yes, what do you need to know? As a result, the tiger oscar has a malformed jaw because of how cramped it was.

This species will dig around objects when looking for food which can dislodge them.


This will give them the chance to adjust slowly instead of being dropped in suddenly. They are semi-aquatic, but spend most of their time on land rather than in water. The freshwaters of South America are warm with a neutral pH, so Oscars can’t handle extremes in acidity or alkalinity. It’s fairly easy to recreate these conditions in your tank.

It is worth changing their diet if you see signs of this disease. They’re aggressive enough to endure living with a larger fish but tough enough in case a chase breaks out between the two. Most fish will not be compatible with the Oscar fish, especially smaller ones. You can get albino varieties for lots of species, people are drawn to the bold white that covers the entire body. He is also a proud member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Marine Aquarium Societies of North America and the Nature Conservancy. Another option is to buy a group of juveniles, as they grow together they will build a connection and be more likely to form mating pairs. The oscar was formally described in 1831 as Lobotes ocellatus by the famous 19th century zoologist and founder of Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology, Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz. These fish are very popular for home aquariums, but they’re not to be purchased without thought. In captivity male and female have been observed to jointly prepare the breeding site. I got a 200 gallon tank for my little Oscar (only 2 1/2 inches) and his buddy is a Jack Dempsey (2 inches).

Oscars require more care than most other species. This disease is caused by the parasite ‘Hexamita’ and can be fatal if not caught early enough.

Fish eat a wide variety of things; however their specific diet depends on their natural environment, the eco-system in which they live and a host of [Continue reading …], The Box Turtle is one of the most popular pet turtles around. This could be simple fin waggling or vibrations.

These fish are often given away for free, as some will buy these fish when they’re small and not wish to take care of a bigger fish. Originating in the waters of the Amazon, this cichlid is another extremely popular fish. The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. They are known for their long lifespans and box-like shells [Continue reading …], Parrotfish are a family of fish known for their bright colors and fused teeth. Most aquarium lights are suitable too.

I have an oscar in a tank with an albino rainbow shark, bristlenose pleco also an angelfish. Water temperature should be 77° F (23° C) and should have little fluctuation. The red Tiger Oscar looks like they’re magma incarnate with how their red and orange scales contrast with the black scales. Captive oscars are known to be quite susceptible to “hole in the head” disease, a condition caused by the protozoan Hexamita. If you’re considering getting two Oscar fish and only using one tank, keep in mind that it’s up in the air whether or not your two fish will get along. The best diet will be a mixture of different food types to provide a range of nutrients which your fish will need to stay healthy.

Astronotus ocellatus as originally described appears to be restricted to Peru and Brazil.

Whilst it can be difficult to find suitable tank mates for Oscars, providing a healthy diet is not. Astronotus is derived from the Greek words “astra” = ray and “noton” = back. These saltwater fish get their name due to their beak like jaws, and beautiful bright colors, much like [Continue reading …]. You’ll find it difficult to sex this species as they’re monomorphic, which means that both sexes have the same appearance. The two oscars I have were my beginner fish, aka the second and third fish that I have ever put in a tank. Buying a smaller tank when you get them and a bigger tank down the road for when they “get bigger” isn’t advised due to their rapid growth to maturation. Copyright © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); – FishCareGuide.com, By Jón Helgi Jónsson (Amything) (CC BY-SA 2.5 licence), The 10 Best Schooling Fish For Your Aquarium, Everything You Need To Know About Zoanthids. Reproduction Perform water changes at least once a week, ideally twice. I am finally upgrading to a fifty gallon tank thanks to generous donors! The first dorsal fin is spinous; the second is composed of soft rays and has a rounded shape. Hi Shandi, what is the Oscar currently housed in? Simply put, you won’t have a big chance of getting two Oscar fish who act alike. They are omnivorous so they’ll eat a wide variety of foods. The anal fin is spinous anteriorly and also possesses a rounded edge. Attach equipment firmly to the tank or they will suffer at the hands (or fins) of an Oscar’s digging. Non-native populations in South Florida are observed to spawn primarily during summer months.

Floating plants should be safe from damage, a good option is hornwort. We earn commission for purchases made through our links.

I hav three Oscar as yes they are very territorial fish, I like that about them, I hav two Oscar in a 55gal tank, with a jack demsey an a few gold fish, Hi Will, personally I’d keep Oscars in a species only tank. We’re thrilled to have you as part of our community. So, I don’t suggest putting another fish in the tank with an oscar if the tank is smaller than a 55 gal or smaller, though the tank looks nicer when there are more fish in it. Both the base of the soft dorsal and anal fins are scaled.

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