Accordingly, in the broadest sense, the objects of copying are memes, whereas the objects of translation and interpretation are signs.

[41] This view regards the concept of "meme" as a primitivized concept of "sign".

[56], In 2013, Richard Dawkins characterized an Internet meme as one deliberately altered by human creativity, distinguished from Dawkins's original idea involving mutation "by random change and a form of Darwinian selection. Each tool-design thus acts somewhat similarly to a biological gene in that some populations have it and others do not, and the meme's function directly affects the presence of the design in future generations. As a factual criticism, Benitez-Bribiesca points to the lack of a "code script" for memes (analogous to the DNA of genes), and to the excessive instability of the meme mutation mechanism (that of an idea going from one brain to another), which would lead to a low replication accuracy and a high mutation rate, rendering the evolutionary process chaotic. [1] Dawkins äußerte sich 2013 zu dieser Verwendung seiner Wortschöpfung und meinte, diese Internetphänomene seien nicht weit entfernt vom ursprünglichen Begriff. Unter dem Begriff Meme (ausgesprochen [miːm], Mehrzahl Memes) werden verschiedene Manifestierungen eines Kulturphänomens zusammengefasst, das sich durch das Verbreiten kleiner Medieninhalte mit einer meist humoristischen, aufheiternden oder manchmal auch satirischen und entsprechend gesellschaftskritischen Aussage kennzeichnet. Coauthor Wilson later acknowledged the term meme as the best label for the fundamental unit of cultural inheritance in his 1998 book Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, which elaborates upon the fundamental role of memes in unifying the natural and social sciences.

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Robertson (2007)[50] reasoned that if evolution is accelerated in conditions of propagative difficulty,[51] then we would expect to encounter variations of religious memes, established in general populations, addressed to scientific communities. Believers view the conversion of non-believers both as a religious duty and as an act of altruism.

Gave the trainee an earful and reminded him that dispatch was asking a yes or no question and you were saying the equivalent of “okay” in response. [16], In her book The Meme Machine, Susan Blackmore regards religions as particularly tenacious memes.

“Meme.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/meme.

"[52] Taking reference to Dawkins, Salingaros emphasizes that they can be transmitted due to their own communicative properties, that "the simpler they are, the faster they can proliferate," and that the most successful memes "come with a great psychological appeal.

"Cultural microevolution. [5], Der Linguist Robert Sedlaczek vermerkt, das Wort Meme stehe zwar in keinem Wörterbuch, werde aber für Bilder oder Videos verwendet, die mit einem prägnanten Text versehen werden, um sie über soziale Netzwerke rasch zu verbreiten. The image is a subformat of Nordic / Mediterranean 4chan meme and originated on Twitter in early August 2019.

They lack connection and meaning, thereby preventing "the creation of true connections necessary to our understanding of the world." Frequently the evolutionary preconception in terms of which such theories are framed is implicitly group-selectionist, but it is possible to rephrase the theories in terms of orthodox gene selection. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

He argued that the role of key replicator in cultural evolution belongs not to genes, but to memes replicating thought from person to person by means of imitation.

Die Pointen reichen von einfachen und harmlosen Wortwitzen bis hin zu schwarzem Humor und Zynismus, der bewusst gegen gesellschaftliche Normen und Sitten, unter Umständen auch gegen die politische Korrektheit, verstößt. [10][11], ‘We need a name for the new replicator, a noun that conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of. Did You Know? Außerhalb des Internets sind Memes vor allem in der Jugendkultur verbreitet. [43], Opinions differ as to how best to apply the concept of memes within a "proper" disciplinary framework.

In his 1976 book The Selfish Gene, British scientist Richard Dawkins defended his newly coined word meme, which he defined as "a unit of cultural transmission." Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. Meme definition is - an idea, behavior, style, or usage that spreads from person to person within a culture.

Dawkins noted that as various ideas pass from one generation to the next, they may either enhance or detract from the survival of the people who obtain those ideas, or influence the survival of the ideas themselves.

Anastasia Denisova: Internet Memes and Society: Social, Cultural, and Political Contexts.

Richard Dawkins called for a re-analysis of religion in terms of the evolution of self-replicating ideas apart from any resulting biological advantages they might bestow. The discipline of memetics, which dates from the mid-1980s, provides an approach to evolutionary models of cultural information transfer based on the concept of the meme. Learn a new word every day. Memes, die absurd und skurril sind oder sich eines besonders schwarzen Humors bedienen, werden auch als „Dank Memes“ bezeichnet.[3]. [37], Luis Benitez-Bribiesca M.D., a critic of memetics, calls the theory a "pseudoscientific dogma" and "a dangerous idea that poses a threat to the serious study of consciousness and cultural evolution". "[57], This article is about the term "meme" in general. [9], Einige Kritiker fordern, dass auf für die Verbreitung von Memes geeigneten Plattformen Upload-Filter zum Einsatz kommen, um Medieninhalte bereits vor der Veröffentlichung auf möglicherweise vorhandene Urheberrechtsverletzungen zu überprüfen.

[44][45], A third approach, described by Joseph Poulshock, as "radical memetics" seeks to place memes at the centre of a materialistic theory of mind and of personal identity.

Semioticians can regard a meme as a "degenerate" sign, which includes only its ability of being copied. Slapdick. Many religions feature adversarial elements, punishing apostasy, for instance, or demonizing infidels. As an enthusiastic Darwinian, I have been dissatisfied with explanations that my fellow-enthusiasts have offered for human behaviour. [48], In Cultural Software: A Theory of Ideology, Jack Balkin argued that memetic processes can explain many of the most familiar features of ideological thought.

His theory of "cultural software" maintained that memes form narratives, social networks, metaphoric and metonymic models, and a variety of different mental structures. variation, or the introduction of new change to existing elements; heredity or replication, or the capacity to create copies of elements; differential "fitness", or the opportunity for one element to be more or less suited to the environment than another. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

[35] Susan Blackmore distinguishes the difference between the two modes of inheritance in the evolution of memes, characterizing the Darwinian mode as "copying the instructions" and the Lamarckian as "copying the product."[25]. Memes, die sich urheberrechtlich geschützter Inhalte bedienen, seien nicht immer originell genug, um als legitime Weiterverwendung des Originalwerkes angesehen zu werden.

Consequently, a successful meme may or may not need to provide any benefit to its host. [25] Memes that fit within a successful memeplex may gain acceptance by "piggybacking" on the success of the memeplex. Andere sehen in solchen Maßnahmen einen ungerechtfertigten Eingriff in die Ausdrucksfreiheit und kritisieren diese deshalb unter dem Hashtag #SaveTheMeme in den sozialen Medien. These properties make salient the sometimes parasitic nature of acquired memes, and as a result individuals should be motivated to reflectively acquire memes using what he calls a "Neurathian bootstrap" process. Balkin maintains that the same structures used to generate ideas about free speech or free markets also serve to generate racistic beliefs. I thought it was when the question didn't make much sense, like what you get from people who are nervous or new at something or clueless. Lynch asserts that belief in the Crucifixion of Jesus in Christianity amplifies each of its other replication advantages through the indebtedness believers have to their Savior for sacrifice on the cross. Moritz, Elan. [8], Grundsätzlich gilt, dass bei Veröffentlichung eines Memes, egal ob es durch einen Schriftzug verändert worden ist oder nicht, das Urheberrecht greift und die Zustimmung des Inhabers eingeholt werden muss.

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